how to write a cause and effect essay

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay?: A Complete Guide

What Is a Cause and Effect Essay?

Cause-and-effect essays are a type of academic task most students struggle with. They’re hard to write but—contrary to popular opinion—not too difficult to understand. These essays explore the causes of particular issues as well as the consequences that follow. In addition, they include research to find evidence, which is then used to develop claims related to the topic.

Students need to demonstrate good critical thinking skills during the writing process. This is because it is required to develop their cause-effect reasoning. Furthermore, cause-and-effect essays are also a type of expository essay. And they should always rely on clear facts and research. Students writing these essays need to focus on a neutral tone, vocabulary, and a formal sense of style.

Our team has developed an example to better explain what a cause-and-effect essay is. Have a look at the following case:
Cause: Facebook understood the role of future technology like VR and AR. The market for these ideas is booming with popularity.

Effect: As a result, Facebook developed the Metaverse while also changing its branding to Meta.
It’s important for students to also focus on structure when writing a cause-and-effect essay. This is because they rely heavily on accurate claims. Below, students can learn more about cause-and-effect essays with our writers. We will focus on its purpose, role, structure, and more.

What Is the Purpose of a Cause-and-Effect Essay? (A Short Guide)

Understanding the purpose and role of a cause-and-effect essay can be a little tricky. After all, they may seem pretty pointless at first. But they are designed to focus on a few important skills students need to develop during their time at college or university.

Just like a magic trick, these essays are simple to understand once you know the trick. As mentioned above, they target specific issues by focusing on the cause. This is done through research and analysis. After that, the essay provides insight into the issues and effects resulting from the cause. However, it’s also important for students to know the purpose or reasoning of writing a cause-and-effect essay.

The first major component of a cause-and-effect essay is teaching students how to use their critical thinking skills effectively. This is very important for their future and academic writing prospects. After that, its purpose is to expand students’ use of vocabulary, tones, and style. Lastly, it teaches students how to determine the relationship between various phenomena.

That covers the role, purpose and function. We hope you now have a clear-cut idea of how it works. Now, we’re going to teach you how to write a cause-and-effect essay next. So, keep reading!

How to Write a Cause-and-Effect Essay?

As we mentioned above, cause-and-effect essay writing requires critical thinking. However, students can be lost without a set of guidelines on how to write it. That’s why our team has the following six steps students can use to write a cause-and-effect paper.

1. Brainstorm Essay Topics

Coming up with good cause-and-effect topics involves observing and speculating about possible causes for what you see. However, the first step is always brainstorming ideas for their cause-and-effect essays. So, come up with a list of possible options. Perhaps you can write something new?

2. Establish a Thesis

The thesis statement highlights a single cause-and-effect relationship. And it also shows how one event causes multiple effects. Therefore, it’s important to establish your thesis so you can explore phenomena and effects.

3. Arrange Your Main Points into Body Paragraphs

Next, each of your body paragraphs should provide a specific illustration of why your thesis statement is true. So, outline your entire essay with the main focal points to ensure every paragraph explores a different facet of the relationship between the subject and causes.

4. Write the First Draft

With your thesis statement and your body paragraph ideas now done, you can focus on the first draft. It should be a specific argument about how a person, thing, or idea affects another one. Ensure you use clear topic sentences and transition words to keep each paragraph anchored. The first draft helps you refine your work.

5. Review Your Work for Clarity and Logic

Reviewing your work is as important as writing. So, ask yourself the following questions: Do my examples show how one event caused another? Am I presenting a clear point of view? Are the transitions and topic sentences clear and informative? And have I convincingly argued my point?

6. Write a Final Draft

After assessing the quality of your work for clarity and logic, re-draft your essay. Focus on the final product. And if you haven’t already written a conclusion, do so now. Remember that a cause-and-effect essay relies on critical thinking and your ability to express logic. So, you will have a very convincing essay if you’ve done those things well.

Cause and Effect Essay Outline

The average cause-and-effect essay follows a simple outline. Its format uses a five-paragraph structure. However, the actual number of body paragraphs can vary depending on the topic of choice and the scope of the essay. Furthermore, take note of the following. Your essay layout will contain an introduction, a conclusion, and three body paragraphs.

Here is an outline of the format and structure.

Introduction – Section 1

The introduction is the start of your cause-and-effect essay. It introduces the audience to your work. So, ensure you write it well to captivate readers and interest them.

1: The intro is a hook statement to grab the audience’s attention.
2: It includes basic historical information.
3: Include a strong thesis statement indicating what the essay is about. Causes, effects, or both.

Main Body – Section 2

The main body is the bulk of your argument. Its sole purpose is to define and explain the contents of your topic. Therefore, students need to focus more on clearly editing and proofreading this section.

Body Paragraph 1

1: Topic sentence (indicate both causes and effects)
2: Cause 1/effect 1 (explain in detail with examples)

Body Paragraph 2

1: Topic sentence (indicate both causes and effects)
2: Cause 2/effect 2 (explain in detail with examples)

Body Paragraph 3

1: Topic sentence (indicate both causes and effects)
2: Cause 3/effect 3 (detailed explanation with examples)

Antithesis Paragraph

Focus on discussing the opposing argument

Conclusion – Section 3

Lastly, we come to the cause and effect essay conclusion. Here, students need to leave the audience with a clear idea of what comes next. What was the point of your essay? How does it relate to your thesis? Focus on the elements below:

1: Restate your thesis statement
2: Focus on the main points to remind the reader
3: Bring it back to your concluding sentence

Body Paragraph of a Cause-and-Effect Essay Body (Causes)

The body paragraphs of your cause-and-effect essay present several problems. Of course, this is easier said than done. But our team has a guide for you.

Students need to focus on presenting the problems. It will help teachers see that you understand and analyse the different angles of each issue. After that, students need to single out the main or most important reason. This is because you will need to discuss it further while moving on to describe the secondary causes. However, it’s vital to remember that each body paragraph should focus on one idea. And each distinct cause should have separate paragraphs.
To help students with introducing and developing their ideas, we have a traditional paragraph format they can use:

Step 1: Topic sentence

Step 2: Evidence

Step 3: Support

Step 4: Concluding sentence

The above structure is the key to writing your cause-and-effect essay effectively. It allows students to run the text smoothly and convey the idea clearly. Moreover, it’s vital to present both causes and effects.

Cause and Effect Structure Words

Focusing on the right structure words for a cause-and-effect essay is important. These are transition signals that show the cause-and-effect relationships. They help clarify the distinction between the cause (or reason) and the effect (or result). It’s why it is crucial to use the correct transition word or phrase. Remember that a cause happens first, and the effect happens later.

Here are some common cause-and-effect structure words students can use. X is to indicate a cause, while Y is used to indicate an effect:


1: The cause of “Y” is “X”
2: A reason for “Y” is “X”
3: “Y” is a result of the “X”
4: “Y” happens because of “X”
5: The “Y” is an effect of “X”
6: The “Y” happens as a result of the “X”


The terrible pollution levels around the globe are a result of the poor management of governments
1: The effect of “X” is “Y”
2: Another effect of “X” results in “Y”
3: Hence “Y”
4: Thus “Y”
5: X” is the cause of “Y”
6: X” is the sole reason for “Y”
7: “X” causes the shift, “Y”


The increase in public transportation causes the worsening of global pollution levels.

Cause and Effect Example Essay

Students working on different types of cause-and-effect essays may face several challenges when writing. But fortunately, our team of professionally skilled writers have an essay example to help.

Let’s consider a topic, “Social media’s overuse and its causes and impacts.”

We will discuss each aspect of its format and structure and describe the writing process to you.
First, students will need to come up with a topic title and create their introduction. This is because it will be the hook to draw in readers. After that, we will focus on providing statistical data. Next, it’s all about familiarising the readers with the topic. Finally, students need to develop a thesis statement. This will summarise the argument while also focusing on the effects.

This topic is about how we use online and social media. It also focuses on the impact it has on the lives of those overusing it. There are several issues students can focus on. These include health problems and emotional, behavioural, and anxiety disorders. The cause of these may be visible in the data. For example, social media addiction.

Students need to focus their efforts on creating an easy-to-understand yet informative essay.

Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Cause-and-effect essays may be difficult to write if you don’t have much experience with them. But not if you choose the right topic. Fortunately, topics for cause-and-effect essays are diverse. They can be on any subject. For example, history, languages, sociology, arts, technology, and even physics. Accordingly, you are free to choose the topic you like. So, select one that matters to you. And prove its relevance. This way, your interest in the subject will drive your motivation to complete the task. Some interesting examples of cause-and-effect essay topics suggested by our professionals include:

Education Topics (Cause and Effect)

✨ Causes of significant insomnia and the categories of affected people
✨ The health impact of people eating fast-food
✨ Junk food’s influence on the human body
✨ Games and adolescents: The causes of addiction
✨ Relationship between education and technology
✨ The effects on body development through physical education
✨ Religious oppression – What are the causes?
✨ What are the results and reasons for international adoption?
✨ Technological development in the countries of the third world
✨ The impact of global fracking on the environment

History Topics (Cause and Effect)

✨ Exploring the causes of the feminist movement and how it affects modern society
✨ What are the outcomes and reasons for America being labelled as “a land of opportunity”?
✨ World War II – The effects and causes
✨ What are the reasons and outcomes of the First World War?
✨ Things a person faces after betrayal in religions
✨ The causes and effects of growing up and living in poverty
✨ The causes of the Syrian war and its impact on the world
✨ What are the risks and reasons for racism in modern society?
✨ What causes the increase in illegal immigration?
✨ What lies behind the Cold War?

Extra Tips on Writing a Cause-and-Effect Essay

We have now covered the definitions and basic structure for how to write a cause-and-effect essay. However, there is still more that students can learn to improve their work. That’s why we have a quick list of tips to help:

1️⃣: Choose an original and unique topic. Students can ask their teacher or professor for advice. So, if you are unsure of the topic you chose, discuss the essay perspective with your instructor.

2️⃣: Use specific words that are common for cause-and-effect essays. For example, as a result of, because of, it result(s) in, due to, thus, consequently, therefore, etc.

3️⃣: When you are working with multiple causes or effects, try using words like the following: The first cause’s (effect) is, another cause’s (effect) is, one of the cause’s (effects) is, etc.

4️⃣: Ensure you follow the logical flow of your essay. Ensure each and every claim you make throughout your work supports the thesis statement.

5️⃣: Make sure you are investigating the topic thoroughly. And try to get familiar with different viewpoints. If you have other opinions that differ from other researchers, you will need enough concrete and credible evidence to prove you are right.

6️⃣: Try using multiple examples to assemble the causes and effects you will discuss in your essay. After all, it’s always great to have more examples to use as evidence of your academic work. So, try to make sure you start writing when you have enough credibility.

7️⃣: Make sure you get help with your cause-and-effect essay if you need it. Contact a professional writing team like UK Writing Experts if you need help with your college or school assignments. Don’t be hesitant because we have experts in different fields to help you create a great cause-and-effect essay. Our professionals will not only help you polish your essay, edit and proofread it, but also write one from scratch.

8️⃣: Before turning in your cause and effect essay, make sure you proofread the document thoroughly and make changes if needed. Also, check grammar, punctuation, and the overall style of the work. Moreover, you might need to add more details if you see your work lacks credible proof.


That concludes our in-depth dive into the fundamentals of cause-and-effect essays. We hope our team has helped you understand the concepts behind writing clearly. Cause-and-effect essays are complex academic writing projects. But they’re not impossible to complete. So, do not worry. It’s simply about effectively using your skills to connect different causes and effects.
Students can follow our guides above to learn how to write a cause-and-effect essay. However, if you still find it tough to work on, you can always contact our team of experts. We’ll help you complete your essay today!